Hispanic Heritage Month
The Atlanta Pride Committee celebrates Hispanic Heritage Month with messages from members of our Board from the Latinx Community.
Elaine Marie Serrano
Chris Ruiz (He / El)
Toby Vargas (He / El)
Frequently Asked Questions
About Hispanic Heritage Month
When and why is Hispanic Heritage month observed?
National Hispanic Heritage Month is observed from September 15 to October 15, as a way to celebrate the history, culture and contributions of Hispanic-Americans whose ancestors came from Spain, Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central and South America.
When did the US begin observing Hispanic Heritage month?
The observation started in 1968 as Hispanic Heritage Week and was expanded in 1988 to cover a month starting on September 15 and ending on October 15. The month was officially proclaimed by President George H. W. Bush on September 14, 1989.
Why does the observation span two months?
September 15 is significant because it is the day of independence for Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. Mexico celebrates their independence day on September 16 and Chile on September 18. Día de la Raza, October 12, also falls within this 30 day period.
Is Hispanic, Latino, Latinx, Latine or Spanish the proper term?
Unfortunately, this is not so simple and will depend on who you ask - what is important is to ask how the person self identifies.
Generally, people in Latin American countries refer to themselves as Mexican, Colombian, Chilean, Puerto Rican etc. The term Hispanic, Latino, Latinx are words placed on this community once in the US that does not take into consideration the racial and cultural diversity of each country.
Hispanic refers to people from Spanish-speaking countries, which includes Latin America and Spain regardless of race. Some avoid the term as they view it as a label that connects them directly to their Spanish colonizers.
Latino refers to people with roots in Latin America, including Portuguese-speaking Brazilians (but not Spain) regardless of race.
Latinx is similar to Latino but gender neutral. Spanish is a gendered language and Latinx is inclusive of gender-nonconforming, agender, genderqueer, women, men and gender-fluid people. The term is most often used by younger generations. It can be seen as US centric since the "x" replacement of gendered vowels makes words unpronounceable for Spanish speakers.
Latine is similar to Latinx where the gendered vowel is replaced with an "e". This allows for the word to be gender neutral but pronounceable and conjugatable in Spanish.
Spanish people are specifically from the county of Spain.